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ISSN: Print -2349-0977, Online - 2349-4387
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 24-29

Emerging trends in oncological research in India: Issues and challenges of access and equity

1 Department of Social Work, Tezpur University, Assam, India
2 Centre for Studies in Science Policy, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajesh Kalarivayil
Department of Social Work, Tezpur University, Sonitpur - 784 028, Assam
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2349-0977.192710

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Background: Demographic and economic changes in the past two decades and the resultant increase in noncommunicable diseases such as cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and mental and neurological conditions has burdened the developed, developing, and underdeveloped countries alike. Cancer deaths that occurred in developing countries alone contributed to 55% of all the cancer deaths that occurred in the year 1990. It is pointed out that there is a noticeable gap in cancer treatment in India in terms of diagnostics and management of the disease. In the preceding context, the present paper analyzes the emerging trends in cancer research in India and identifies the issues and challenges of access and equity in health innovations related to cancer treatment. Materials and Methods: The empirical analysis is performed on a unique dataset of publications and clinical trials related to oncological research. It was constructed from the Web of Science and Clinical Trial Registry of India databases. Results: With the application of emerging technologies, Cancer research and innovations exhibit new trends such as shift in the site of research, new funding patterns, collaboration pattern, and the emergence of new actors such as the contract research organizations. Conclusion: These trends have several implications for the access and affordability of medical innovations in cancer treatment.

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