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ISSN: Print -2349-0977, Online - 2349-4387
THE EXTRAPULMONARY DISEASE - THE BIG DILEMMA
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-86

Tuberculosis of the lymph nodes: Many facets, many hues


Department of Respiratory Medicine, P D Hinduja National Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashok Mahashur
Department of Respiratory Medicine, P D Hinduja National Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/astrocyte.astrocyte_65_17

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Lymph node tuberculosis (LNTB) is one of the most common extrapulmonary manifestations of tuberculosis. A high index of suspicion is needed for diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis, which is known to mimic numerous pathological conditions. Availability of molecular technology has improved the ease of diagnosis. Molecular techniques are also useful for the early detection of drug resistance. With the advent of endobronchial ultrasound in the last decade, the diagnosis of mediastinal tuberculosis has also improved. Management of LNTB often has difficulties. However, most cases can be managed medically and surgical intervention is rarely required. The treatment is similar to pulmonary tuberculosis. However, paradoxical reaction, which is observed in 10–15% of immunocompetent and about 50% of human immunodeficiency virus positive patients needs a special mention for an appropriate management of LNTB.


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