Astrocyte

RESEARCH METHDOLOGY
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 154--159

Types of observational studies in medical research


Rajeev Kumar1, Amir Maroof Khan2, Pranab Chatterjee2 
1 Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amir Maroof Khan
Department of Community Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences, Dilshad Garden, Delhi
India

Study design forms a core component of research, mainly determined by the study objectives, and it in turn further decides the type of statistical analyses to be carried out. Observational studies are devoid of the investigator«SQ»s control over assignment of a subject to the treated or control group, in contrast to interventional studies Even though randomized controlled trials are seen as the best study design, evidence shows that properly conducted observational studies give similar results, and is relevant in medical research where ethics and feasibility concerns assume great significance. Observational studies point out towards possible causal associations, are less resource intensive than trials and have a better external validity. This review article discusses various types of observational study designs such as case reports, cross sectional, cohort, case-control and nested case-control studies with real literature examples.


How to cite this article:
Kumar R, Khan AM, Chatterjee P. Types of observational studies in medical research.Astrocyte 2014;1:154-159


How to cite this URL:
Kumar R, Khan AM, Chatterjee P. Types of observational studies in medical research. Astrocyte [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Dec 1 ];1:154-159
Available from: http://www.astrocyte.in/article.asp?issn=2349-0977;year=2014;volume=1;issue=2;spage=154;epage=159;aulast=Kumar;type=0